On June 5, 2020, the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act (PPPFA) was signed into law. The PPPFA modifies the PPP to allow businesses whose PPP loans are forgiven to continue to defer Social Security taxes through the end of 2020. Prior to the passage of the PPPFA, PPP loan recipients were required to stop deferring Social Security taxes as soon as any portion of their PPP loan was forgiven.
The PPPFA also includes other provisions that expand the time periods to spend PPP loans and provides increased flexibility to spend PPP funds on expenses other than payroll costs. Some of the other key provisions include:
Reduction of the percentage of loan proceeds that must be spent on payroll costs from 75% to 60%;
Extension of the “covered period” for use of funds from eight weeks to 24 weeks (or 12/31/2020, if earlier);
Extension of the period of time for employers to reverse decreases in employment and/or wage levels that occurred between February 15 and April 26, 2020 from June 30, 2020 to December 31, 2020;
Lengthening the period of loan maturity from two years to five years; and
Permission for borrowers to defer payment until loan forgiveness is determined, instead of six months after loan disbursement.
As we are all well aware, many companies are in the process of reorganizing their talent pool. Of course, with the Coronavirus how to do this is top of mind. No matter what causes downsizing, resizing, or “right-sizing” leaders must carefully evaluate their workers to determine who to keep, who to furlough, and who to downright terminate.
How is this done? How do you decide? There are some key questions to ask yourself when making these determinations: Who is already causing concerns or issues? Will seniority alone be a consideration?
These questions are important to consider. On top of these, however, is the diagnosing each person’s competency for performing each of their work tasks. One of the best ways to do this is using Blanchard’s SLII®. This is a model for determining competency and confidence to perform a specific task. When the analysis is done for each person’s responsibilities, you will have a great picture of their value to your organization.
For example, you have an employee that has been around for about six months that is not great at cold calling yet, but really brings in the sales when they get a lead. They are learning about cold calling and they are very enthusiastic. Would you keep them? I would. They are exhibiting the behaviors of a good salesperson as demonstrated by their sales lead calls. With more time and training they most likely will be able to transfer their skills and to do better at cold calling.
In another scenario, you have someone that is not doing very well at sales calls and they do not show motivation or enthusiasm for the work. You’ve coached them and provided training for the past several months. Would you keep them? No. If I’m downsizing and both the competence and motivation is lacking, I would not consider them as a viable long-term employee.
When you evaluate each person’s task – not the person as a whole, you will have more data to help you make very difficult decisions about downsizing. When you list each person’s responsibilities and rate them on both competence and confidence to achieve the task you will get a list of gaps in your workforce. It will also help you to determine training, coaching, and other interventions. Lastly, it will help you with succession planning. We’ll talk about that in my next article.
I have provided very basic examples, and you may have many other considerations when reorganizing. I’d love to hear what your processes are. Please share!
As we near a re-opening phase of the Coronavirus crisis, many workers are leery about stepping back into the workforce. Some essential workers are even refusing to come to work out of fear of contracting the coronavirus. It’s important for employers to think about the employees’ legal rights and health concerns as well as trying to meet the organizations’ business needs.
Start with a conversation with the employee. As a general rule, communication is the key to a strong employer / employee relationship. Therefore, if a worker is hesitant to come back to work, it is important that the employer speak with them to determine the basis of their fears. This allows the employer to understand the issue and then work with the employee to mutually work through their concerns together. This simple act can mitigate any escalation of the issue.
Your employee has rights!
Remember before you react abruptly that your employee has rights. Think about the legal ramifications of your acts and ask yourself if putting a nervous employee on leave may be a better choice than firing them.
As you go through the decision of how to address an employee that will not come to work, you should also consider any time-off policies you currently have and how they interact with an employee on unpaid leave. These time-off policies could include vacation or Paid Time Off.
There are laws in place to protect your employee that must be considered.
Employers should accommodate employees who request altered worksite arrangements, remote work or time off from work due to underlying medical conditions that may put them at greater risk from COVID-19. The EEOC’s guidance on COVID-19 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) points out that accommodations may suggest changes to the work environment to reduce contact with others, such as using Plexiglas separators or other barriers between workstations.
It’s likely that the employee is covered by OSHA if they believe that there is a threat of death or serious physical harm likely to occur immediately or within a short period of time. OSHA prohibits employers from retaliating against workers for raising concerns about safety and health conditions. OSHA addresses these concerns as they relate directly to Coronavirus and it’s a good idea for employers to get to know this information.
The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) grants employees at unionized and non-unionized employers the right to join together to engage in protected concerted activity. Employees who assert such rights, including by joining together to refuse to work in unsafe conditions, are generally protected from discipline.
So what if a health care provider advises an employee to self-quarantine because of COVID-19? The Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA), states the employee may be eligible for paid sick leave. The FFCRA applies to employers with fewer than 500 employees, and the quarantine must prevent the employee from working or teleworking.
Keep in mind laws such as the Workers Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN). The WARN act requires employers with 100 or more full-time employees as defined by the Act to provide at least 60 calendar days advanced written notice of a plant closing or mass layoff affecting 50 or more employees at a single site of employment.
The act extensively defines “plant closing” and “mass layoff”. It also has specific provisions requiring notices to employees, unions and certain government entities.
Inform and Protect Workers
All employers should keep employees apprised of ways in which the employer is taking action to maintain a safe workplace. Information from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) should be made available, for example posting infographics such as these can provide quick reference for employees. OSHA information and local law and regulations should also be posted or made available and updates should be communicated as the situation changes.
We suggest to discuss your particular situation with your attorney if you are not sure how to mitigate potential penalties.
For more information regarding Hiring Procedures and help or HR policies during the COVID-19 crisis, COVID-19 support and information or other HR needs, contact AZ HR Hub at 480-510-7921or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Now that our pace has slowed down during this virus period, our minds can begin to wander and our thoughts can quickly turn to hyper focus on the trivialities that make up our routines and affect our normal pace. I believe this period of isolation should help to put these thoughts into perspective and allow us to devote the resources of our minds to the big stuff.
Issues that were seemingly big suddenly become much more trivial when our concentrations turn to the status of the world economy or the health of a loved one during this pandemic or the lack of such a basic need as toilet paper. What was a “big” issue just isn’t so important anymore.
We can all learn from this time period – to be more receptive and put things into perspective. Putting our concerns and issues under bigger lenses and choosing to look at things from a different perspective increases our mental capacities and provides us some control. Ask yourself, “Will this matter to me next month or next year or in five years?” “Is this something within my control or should I move on instead?”
We all have the ability to control our basic mind set. Looking for a silver lining now can have a profound impact on attitudes, moods, and behaviors. In any given circumstance, asking simple questions can ease the burdens we put on ourselves. Examples during this pandemic: “Do I really need to go out to dinner or can I just be happy that my family is together during this time around our own dinner table?” “Is it really so bad to have canceled our vacation? Look at all the money we’re saving!” A simple change in perspective changes everything.
Change is inevitable. It can be driven by internal factors such as a merger or an acquisition to grow the business. Or, it can begin with the resignation of a key leader, or the hiring of someone new to the organization. Change can also be driven by external factors such as the addition of a new product, a new regulation requirement. Or, it can begin with the introduction of another competitor to the market.
Because we all know change is inevitable, managers can drive future success in their departments by fostering a positive attitude toward change.
By being fully aware of the need for the change and the direction the organization is headed.
An aware manager can better articulate to employees where the company is now and where leadership sees it in the future.
Managers should also be able to articulate why the company needs to change, relative to things like shifting market forces, new opportunities, financial issues, or a new strategic approach.
By anticipating it and purposefully planning for change.
Employees work better with concrete, achievable goals.
A manager can help employees see the roles they play in achieving the new goals and what it will mean for them, their coworkers, their unit, and the organization once the goals are achieved.
By eliminating fear of change. Address change in an intentional, goal-oriented manner.
A manager should recognize and describe change as something that people should do, not something that is done to them.
Encourage risk taking and opinion sharing. The most important thing to help employees adapt to change is to create trust. One way this can be accomplished is by creating an environment in which people will not face consequences for trying something new and questioning established processes.
By encouraging inclusion in the process. A manager will make employees more comfortable with change when they invite them to participate in planning for or implementing it because they gain some sense of control which reduces their fears.
Hold all hands meetings where you allow employees to submit questions and receive answers from senior level leaders.
Adopt a continuous feedback tool where employees can give feedback directly to leaders directly involved in the implementation of a change.
Turnover is influenced by many factors that generally come from two directions: external forces and internal forces. We have a bigger impact focusing on internal forces within the company’s control.
We’ll start with external forces, though, because it helps to be aware of how much they contribute to fluctuations so that you can make effective decisions about retention. It also helps assess how important turnover is to your company when you see how you stack up against your competitors.
Average turnover rate
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey is based on a monthly survey of approximately 16,000 U.S. businesses. They report the average total turnover rate around 3.5% with voluntary turnover around 2% monthly.
As unemployment rates have declined over the past decade, the U.S. has gone from over six unemployed people per job opening in 2009 to less than one in 2019. That means employees have more options.
When there is more confidence in the economy and lower unemployment, voluntary turnover tends to rise and involuntary turnover tends to fall.
Mercer’s annual survey of 150 organizations in the US reported voluntary turnover at 16% in 2018 – lower than the 26.9% that the federal government reported, which may be a reflection on the types of organizations that participate in Mercer’s more in-depth study.
Overall, turnover does not vary greatly based on organizational size, although larger organizations can have slightly lower rates. And smaller organizations tend to feel more of an impact when someone quits.
Geographically speaking, the South tends to have the highest quit rates while the Northeast has the lowest in the US.
The biggest variances by far, though, are seen between industries. Hospitality and retail have the highest turnover rates while manufacturing and finance have among the lowest in the private sector.
When LinkedIn analyzed their half-a-billion users, they found 11% indicated they left a company in 2017. This turnover rate is likely lower than the government and Mercer reports because of the types of professionals that use the platform and the dependence on an individual updating their profile.
Still, LinkedIn showed how turnover reflects current industry trends. Retail is a high turnover industry and now software is too. However, tech employees usually move to another tech company while retail employees often move to a new industry, likely due to the rise of online shopping.
When LinkedIn ranked job functions, those with the highest turnover (17%) were marketing and research, followed by media and communication, HR, and support functions (15%). Sales, engineering, and operations also have above average turnover (13%), likely a reflection of high demand for their skills. Meanwhile business development has the highest retention (6%).
While turnover trends are valuable, insights into your industry and overall economy are likely enough to anticipate when you need to invest more in recruitment and retention. Besides, long-term investment in retention is the most effective approach regardless of fluctuations in the market.
And while it can be helpful to benchmark externally based on industry, function, and region, the most important benchmark is internally based on department, job level, location, and other segments of your organization over time. So let’s now look inward.
Certain aspects of employee experience tend to be the biggest drivers of turnover (why employees leave) and retention (why employees stay).
Work Institute reports that 77% of voluntary turnover is avoidable. They found the top reason for leaving is career development, followed by work-life balance and manager behavior. Compensation, job, and workplace were also common reasons.
Based on industry research, the key drivers are consistent:
Learning and development
Growth and advancement
Wellness and work-life balance
Total rewards goes beyond base pay, bonuses, and compensation overall. It includes health benefits like insurance and financial benefits like retirement savings. For many companies, it also includes any gifts or bonuses received due to a recognition program.
In sum, total rewards encompasses all that an employer offers an employee in exchange for joining, contributing, and staying with the company.
When we talk about total rewards, we should also keep in mind the power of recognition. At its core, employee recognition is the open acknowledgment and expressed appreciation for employees’ contributions to their organization.
When organizations decentralize employee recognition and empower their workers to engage in peer-to-peer and 360-degree recognition (that is, not solely top-down recognition), they increase the frequency with which employees can receive recognition and get a more nuanced understanding of what individuals, teams, and departments consider valuable.
Employees tend to be the most positive about their employer before their first day on the job. Onboarding is a way to build on that momentum, but it’s often a place where companies fall short.
Onboarding includes orientation to the workplace and the job, yet it’s so much more than that. This is the time to integrate the new employee into the team and culture: the core values underlying everyday behavior.
We know how critical managers are to the employee experience. The immediate supervisor directly influences many key drivers of engagement and retention like development and recognition. If your manager doesn’t recognize your work, how can you trust them to support your career growth and success? 🤔
Senior leadership also plays an important role. Executivesmustclearly articulate the company’s vision and values. They’re responsible for the that makes people feel secure and that the work they do is meaningful.
Learning and development
When people think about job learning, they think training, and that’s certainly a key part, whether in-class workshops or bite-sized videos on-demand.
However, the majority of career development comes from on-the-job learning. It’s an organic way we share knowledge. Plus it’s often the most effective way to learn: in a real environment with a real task.
Employees want to strengthen their skill sets to do better in their job, career, and sometimes just for the challenge and stimulation that keeps coming to work every day interesting.
Growth and advancement
While learning and growth are highly related, we separated them because they can satisfy different needs and can be accomplished in different ways.
Nobody wants to feel stuck. No matter how much education you provide, many people are not satisfied unless they can move to progressively more challenging jobs. And simply changing someone’s title from junior to senior hardly makes them feel more confident and capable.
Wellness and work-life balance
We define wellness as a holistic way to look at employee health, that includes both physical and mental health.
Work-life balance is a way to support employee wellness, and an increasingly more common method is flexible work arrangements. Research from Owl Labs and TINYpulse showed companies that support remote work have 25% less turnover.
Now that you know the factors that cause turnover, what can you do to fix it?